Qian long tong bao

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coins, set of three identical; each is round, with square hole in the center; obverse side: four Chinese characters, one on each side of the central square; reverse side: 2 characters, to left and right of central square; bronze; used in the Chinese dvination technique, I Ching (The Book of Changes); coins are cupped in hand, shaken, and tossed; the pattern which develops, i.e. the occurence of obverse and reverse sides, after the coins have been tossed six times, forms a series of broken ( - - ) and unbroken (--) called a hexagram; when the hexagram has been obtained, the user consults the I Ching for the answer to specific questions addressed to the oracle; line values for the coin oracle technique, I Ching: obverse side ( with 4 characters) -- yin line with value of 2, reverse side (with 2 characters) -- yang line with values of 3; example throwing: coins tossed six times; 1st toss: obverse, obverse, reverse equals 2, 2, 3 or 7 equals - -; 2nd toss: reverse, obverse, reverse equals 3, 2, 3 or 8 equals --; 3rd toss: reverse, reverse, reverse, equals 3, 3, 3 or 9 equals --; 4th toss: obverse, obverse, obverse equals 2, 2, 2 or 6 equals - -; 5th toss: reverse, reverse, obverse equals 3, 3, 2 or 8 equals --; 6th toss: reverse, obverse, obverse equals 3, 2, 2 or 7 equals - -; note: since the first toss is written from the bottom, etc. the actual hexagram appears as follows: - -; when, in a toss, all - - --- sides are the same in --- - - value, the line is con- --- --- sidered to have changed, - - --- i.e. from - - to --- --- - - thus the hexagram now - - ; changes to: upon consulting the book it is seen that the user has drawn hexagram 48, The Well, with changing lines in the third and fourth places; the hexagram changes to hexagram 47, Oppression (Exhaustion); the user reads the pertinent sections of each hexagram to obtain the answer to his question
Mike Stephens and University Appropriation
Collection place:
Culture or time period:
Chinese and Qing dynasty (1644–1912 AD)
Object type:
5.1 Religion and Divination: Objects and garb associated with practices reflecting submission, devotion, obedience, and service to supernatural agencies
Production date:
Emperor Gao Zong Ai Xin Jue Luo Hong Li, 1736-1796 AD
Accession date:
Asia (except western Russia)
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